Supporting of the Police Component of the G5 Sahel Joint Force
Terrorism and transnational organized crime are on the rise in the Sahel, making these challenges among the priorities that moved the Heads of State of Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger to create the G5 Sahel in 2014. In support of this mission to improve security in the Sahel, the G5 Sahel countries established a military force in February 2017. The Joint Force's primary mission is to fight terrorism and transnational organized crime.
During a workshop in Bamako in December 2017, the G5 Sahel adopted the conceptual framework for the organization and functioning of the Police Component of the G5 Sahel Joint Force. This framework defines the procedures for collaboration between the police and military components of the Force and provisions ensuring transfer of cases to the justice system.
Niger, that holds the rotating presidency of the G5 Sahel, and with support of UNODC, organized a workshop on operationalizing the Police component in Niamey from 10 to 12 April 2018. This workshop brought together 82 participants, including 12 women, representatives of the Permanent Secretariat of the G5 Sahel, the Joint Force Command, law enforcement services of the G5 Sahel countries, as well as representatives of technical and financial partners, such as the European Union, INTERPOL and OHCHR, among others.
This meeting allowed participants to move forward on operationalizing the police component as decided during the Bamako meeting, as well as to define the assistance that can be provided by the technical and financial partners in this area.
" The Joint Force has already conducted several operations, let us not waste any time, and make sure that its police component is also operational, as soon as possible", said the General Director of the National Police of Niger.
At the conclusion of the meeting, the G5 Sahel states adopted several recommendations approving the composition of the units that will make up the police component, as well as their interaction with the States and regional and international organizations, including relations with Interpol.
During the workshop, guiding principles regarding the integration of the investigation units in the security apparatus and the criminal justice system was also presented by UNODC and adopted by the representatives of the G5 Sahel member countries. These principles define the composition of the units, as well as their roles.
The participants further adopted a text on the mission of the Joint Force Police Advisor. This text specifies the role of the Police Adviser, who may be a police officer or a gendarme and will assist the Joint Force Commander, particularly in the management of law enforcement and criminal justice aspects.
To carry out its Contribution to the United Nations Integrated Strategy for the Sahel (UNISS), UNODC provides assistance to the G5 Sahel States to strengthen the criminal justice chain and fight against drug trafficking, terrorism, corruption, trafficking in persons and smuggling of migrants.