UNODC supports Chad in joining the UN Convention against Corruption
On 26 June 2018, Chad ratified the United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC). The number of States Parties to the Convention thus increased to 186, and now includes all West and Central African countries.
These accessions are the result of the advocacy work carried out by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), which assists Member States in ratifying and implementing the Convention. Indeed, UNODC facilitates the mechanism for reviewing the implementation of the Convention and supports countries in strengthening their legislative and institutional framework in accordance with the Convention.
UNODC support to Chad was implemented through the framework of the Sahel Programme. On the sidelines of the Sahel Programme's second steering committee meeting held in Dakar in April 2017, the representatives from Chad expressed their interest in strengthening their fight against corruption, as well as the country's will to ratify the Convention.
Following these exchanges, a UNODC mission was organized in N'Djamena in November 2017 to meet with national stakeholders and support the country's efforts in the accession process. During this mission, the UNODC Regional Anti-Corruption Adviser for West and Central Africa met with representatives from, among others, the Ministry of Justice, the Judicial Inspection Body, and from N'Djamena's public prosecutor's office.
In February 2018, a workshop on the UNCAC and the Fight against Corruption in Chad was organized in N'Djamena by UNODC, in partnership with the Ministry of Justice of Chad and with UNDP support. The workshop brought together key actors in the fight against corruption in Chad, including representatives from the executive, legislative and judiciary, as well as from civil society groups. Anti-corruption experts from the Sahel region also took part in the workshop to enrich the discussions with the experiences and lessons learnt from neighboring countries. National stakeholders have had the opportunity to familiarize themselves with the content of the Convention, and to reflect on relevant measures for the ratification and implementation of the Convention in Chad. These recommendations were gathered in the Final Communiqué of the workshop.
These awareness-raising actions helped create the conditions allowing for Chad's ratification of the Convention; a success thereby facilitating the development of more effective actions to fight against corruption in this country, as well as throughout the Sahel region.
At the request of local authorities, UNODC plans to hold a national workshop in N'Djamena to develop a road map for the implementation of the Convention. This workshop will help to define the priorities to focus on in order to strengthen Chad's legislative and institutional framework, in accordance with the provisions of the Convention. In addition, this workshop will be an opportunity to introduce the mechanism for reviewing the implementation of the Convention, and to enable Chadian representatives to become more familiar not only with its functioning but also with their responsibilities, in order to facilitate a smooth implementation.
UNODC's activities in support of Chad's accession to the Convention contribute to the Sustainable Development Goals, including Goal 16, which promotes the fight against corruption in the effort towards creating peaceful, inclusive societies as well as effective, accountable, and inclusive institutions.
This result was obtained thanks to the support from France, Japan and the United States.