G5 Sahel: Chad signs a decree operationalizing the police component of the Joint Force
As part of its assistance to the G5 Sahel, UNODC supports Sahelian countries in setting up the police component of the G5 Sahel Joint Force. The main objective of this police component is to ensure the judicialization of all Joint Force's operations and to guarantee the efficiency of the whole criminal justice chain.
Following a first regional meeting in Bamako on the creation of this police component and a second in Niger on its operationalization, joint missions in each of the G5 Sahel countries are being organized to support the implementation of the police component at the national level. These missions are led by the General Director of Niger's Police, as current president of the G5 Sahel Defense and Security Committee (security format).
During the joint mission organized in Chad on 15 and 16 August 2018, the Deputy Director of Chad's Police presented a decree establishing the Specialized Investigation Unit of the police component of the G5 Sahel Joint Force. This document is an excellent concrete step towards the operationalization of the police component.
It details the missions of the specialized investigation unit as validated during the Niamey meeting, which are to carry out preliminary acts of judicial police, to ensure proper crime scene management, to collect, analyze and exchange information, to ensure proper coordination with specialized police services and to be available to the Anti-terrorist Judicial Pool. Police officers of this unit are to be divided into three sections: investigation, forensics, and protection, and will be chosen from various national police services specialized in the fight against terrorism and transnational organized crime. This unit will have an antenna in northwestern Chad, close to the headquarters of the Joint Force's eastern fuseau in order to ensure the utmost proximity with military operations.
The mission was composed of representatives of Niger's police and gendarmerie, G5 Sahel Permanent Secretariat and Joint Force, as well as experts and donors. Two other missions had been organized in Niger and Burkina Faso at the beginning of the month, while the remaining two missions will be held in Mali and Mauritania in the near future.
The mission in Chad began with official meetings with high-level authorities involved in the police component, in particular the Minister of Economy and Development planning, line ministry for the G5 Sahel, the Ministers of Public Security, Defense, and Justice. Technical working sessions were then organized and brought together various heads of service involved in the police component, from the Police, the Gendarmerie, the Anti-terrorist Judicial Pool and Joint Force/eastern fuseau.
"The aim is to achieve the operationalization of the police component as soon as possible in order to guarantee conditions for peace and socio-economic development in the region. I particularly thank UNODC, which has deployed considerable resources to support the organization of this mission whose objective is to contribute to our common goal: make the Sahel a better and more secure place to live" underlined the Deputy Director of Chad's Police, Mr Kolsala Sirandi Ongtoin.
This assistance is part of UNODC's Sahel Programme and is carried out in close collaboration with other partners supporting the G5 Sahel, its Joint Force, and its police component, especially the European Union through its EUCAP Sahel missions, Interpol, the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), the Counter-Terrorism Committee Executive Directorate (CTED) and the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA).