Burkina Faso adopts two anti-corruption laws

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The National Transitional Council of Burkina Faso adopted two anti-corruption laws in 2015: one on the prevention and repression of corruption (March 2015) and one organic law (November 2015) on Burkina Faso's anti-corruption authority, the High Authority for State Control and Anti-Corruption (ASCE-LC). UNODC worked closely with the government and civil society to develop these laws and to ensure their compliance with the United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC).

Under the new anti-corruption legislation, government members, including the President, lawmakers, and any official responsible for managing state funds, must declare their assets as well as any gifts or donations received while in office. The anti-corruption law also criminalizes all offences, as listed in the UNCAC. Mr. Bruno Kere from the REN-LAC, an NGO based in Ouagadougou, stated that the anti-corruption law represented "a great step forward in the fight against corruption."

The new High Authority for State Control and Anti-Corruption has been constitutionalized and will have a higher degree of independence from the executive, stronger investigative powers and financial autonomy. Once operationalized, "the new authority will be more efficient in combatting corruption" said Prof. Luc Marius Ibriga, the State Controller-General, head of the ASCE.

The adoption of this new legislative framework resulted from a partnership between UNODC and Burkinabe authorities, where UNODC familiarized stakeholders with the UNCAC requirements and provided its expertise in legislative drafting.

In October 2014, UNODC discussed gaps in the current legal framework vis-à-vis the UNCAC, during a workshop organized by REN-LAC and UNODC in Ouagadougou. In March 2015, UNODC supported a peer-evaluation of the ASCE, the anti-corruption authority, undertaken by the Senegalese and Nigerien authorities. Finally, in July and August 2015, UNODC supported two legislative drafting workshops for over 60 national stakeholders.

Aside from the legislative drafting support, UNODC also provided training on complaints handling and investigative techniques for the anticorruption authorities in Burkina Faso, Niger and Senegal.

As the custodian of the UNCAC, UNODC possesses an established expertise in preventive measures, law enforcement, international cooperation and asset recovery. It also promotes principles like transparency and public participation in the fight against corruption.

"The emergence of an increasing number of strong, independent and thoroughly engaged anti-corruption institutions throughout the region is linked to UNODC's actions...UNODC's continued support is required to strengthen these institutions and create a culture of intolerance towards corruption."
Prof. Luc Marius Ibriga, the State Controller-General, head of the ASCE.