Legislative Support

UNODC supports national efforts in strengthening and developing legislative frameworks, policies and strategies to combat terrorism and transnational organized crime

The Sahel Programme's Legislative Assistance in the Sahel

In line with its objective to assist in reinforcing the standard legal framework of the G5 Sahel countries, the UNODC Sahel Programme aids in updating national legislation while ensuring that national legislation aligns with international legal instruments to effectively fight illicit trafficking, organized crime, terrorism, and corruption. To this end, Sahelian authorities have adopted 11 legal instruments since the beginning of the Sahel Programme, aiming to strengthen the fight against terrorism and transnational organized crime. These advancements follow UNODC's provision of judicial expertise to legislators in the region:

  • In March and November 2015, Burkina Faso adopted two anti-corruption laws. Read More 

The adoption of this law follows various regional workshops led by UNODC as well as civil servants implicated in the fight against corruption in the region. A general consensus on the subject had already been reached in December 2014 with the support and coordination of UNODC. (Read More) Niger also adopted a similar law in 2016.

  • In May 2015, the Nigerien government adopted a law legislating against the illicit trafficking of migrants. Read More

This set an important precedent in the region, with Niger becoming the first country in the region to be equipped with such legislation. Since then, UNODC through its Sahel Programme works in close collaboration with authorities from other countries to further promote the strengthening of capacities of those in charge of applying the law, across the entirety of the criminal justice chain. To this end, a training workshop on the fight against trafficking in persons and smuggling of migrants was organized in September 2015. (Read More) Niger, where encouraging results on the issue have already been observed, organized a regional conference in June 2018 on the fight against trafficking in persons and smuggling of migrants in order to share this legislative experience with other G5 Sahel countries. Read More 

This law contains provisions aiming to combat the threat posed by foreign terrorist fighters (FTFs). In line with its assistance to Burkina Faso in the fight against terrorism, UNODC assisted Burkinabe legal drafters and legislators in order to ensure the inclusion of FTFs in the December 2015 law. Read More

This platform facilitates regional cooperation between the institutions that apply the law to issues linked to terrorism and transnational organized crime. 

  • In January 2017, Burkinabe legislators adopted a new law creating and institutionalizing a specialized judicial unit to strengthen the fight against terrorism and its financing. In the framework of the Sahel Programme, UNODC provided continued assistance to Burkina Faso in order to reinforce these measures against terrorism. Read More

  • On 26 June 2018, Chad acceded to the United Nations Convention against Corruption. The number of States Parties to the agreement therein increased to 186 and includes all countries in West and Central Africa. UNODC supported Chad throughout its process of accession to the convention. Read More